"Kata is the essence of karate. The masters created kata by condensing all of karate’s techniques to a definite form. By practicing kata, you will develop your body movement, rhythm and timing. You will develop your ability to execute the individual techniques, and you will develop an ability to move naturally from one technique to another. Strict adherence to proper technique when doing kata will lead to natural and effective body movement in combat.
Once you understand the principles of kata movements, you will have a foundation for natural reactions. Kata also helps to cultivate spirit By creating imaginary opponents, you have to muster the spirit of defense; just as in a real life situation, you’ll have to generate spirit on demand. There is a look you’ll have in your eyes; a certain force with which you’ll make a powerful kiai, that will let you opponents know that you have tremendous power within. Practice kata throughout your lifetime; and you may never have to use these techniques in a real-life situation. "
- “Perfection of Character” by Master Teruyuki Okazaki
Shorin: Kata that aid in the development of speed.
Shorei: Kata that aid in the development of power.
|Heian Katas (Peaceful Mind)||# of Moves||Kiai Points|
|Heian Shodan (shorin)||21||Moves 9 and 17|
|Heian Nidan (shorin)||26||Moves 11 and 26|
|Heian Sandan (shorin)||20||Moves 10 and 20|
|Heian Yondan (shorin)||27||Moves 13 and 25|
|Heian Godan (shorin)||23||Moves 12 and 19|
|Tekki Katas (Iron Horse or Knight)||# of Moves||Kiai Points|
|Tekki Shodan (shorei)||29||Moves 15 and 29|
|Tekki Nidan (shorei)||24||Moves 16 and 24|
|Tekki Sandan (shorei)||36||Moves 16 and 36|
|Other Shotokan Katas||# of Moves||Kiai Points|
|Bassai Dai(To Storm a Fortress) (shorin)||42||Moves 19 and 42|
|Kanku Dai(To look at the sky) (shorin)||65||Moves 15 and 64|
|Empi (Flying Swallow) (shorin)||37||Moves 15 and 36|
|Jion (shorei)||47||Moves 17 and 47|
|Kanku Sho||47||Moves 28 and 47|
|Bassai Sho||27||Moves 17 and 25|
|Gankaku (Crane on a rock) (shorin)||42||Moves 28 and 42|
|Hangetsu (Half moon) (shorei)||41||Moves 11 and 41|
|Jitte (or Jutte) (Ten hands) (shorei)||24||Moves 13 and 24|
|Chinte||33||Moves 9 and 32|
|Sochin (men's team kata, Canada, 2015)||40||Moves 36 and 48|
|Unsu||48||Moves 28 and 40|
|Nijushiho (women's team kata, Canada, 2015) (Twenty-four Directions)||33||Moves 18 and 32|
|Gojushio sho||65||Moves 57 and 64|
|Gojushio dai||62||Moves 54 and 61|
Homburg Centre for Health & Wellness
Saint Marys University